PERAN GENDER SANTRIWAN DAN SANTRIWATI DI PONDOK PESANTREN AL-MUQODDASAH

Authors

  • Halimatus Firdiyanti Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya Jawa Timur, Indonesia
  • Ari Khusumadewi Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya Jawa Timur, Indonesia

Abstract

Gender is a fundamental thing in social life, where one of the most important aspects of Gender is Gender Roles, Gender Roles are behavioral characteristics expected by society for men and women which include attitudes, attributes, behaviors and values that are followed by the local community. Changes in social condition and community conditions must also be balanced with a more open understanding of gender, especially on Gender Roles, because if there are gaps in Gender Roles, it will result in Gender discrimination. in the Adolescent Phase, individuals will want to know more about their identity and what role they should play in society. So it is necessary to understand gender roles and self-understanding in order to form gender roles that are in accordance with their gender identity. This study aims to determine the gender role orientation of santriwan and santriwati in Al Muqoddasah Islamic boarding school. This research was conducted with a quantitative descriptive approach with the survey method. The subjects of this study were 138 students. The data collection technique was carried out by using a questionnaire that was distributed offline to students in the Al Muqoddasah boarding school. The results of this study are that there are as many as 31% of subjects who have an androgynous gender role, as many as 25% of subjects have a Masculine gender role, as many as 23% of the subjects have a Feminine gender role, and as many as 21% of the subjects have an Undifferentiated gender role.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adisasmita, Rahardjo, 1994. Teori Lokasi dan Pengembangan Wilayah: EPHAS:Makassar

Arikunto, S. 2010. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Aryani, Yuni. 2020. “Prespektif Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Agama Islam Terhadap Kesetaraan Gender Dalam Pendidikan IAIN Salatiga Tahun Akademik 2019/2020.”

Baharun, H. (2017a). Pengembangan Kurikulum; Teori dan Praktik (Konsep, Prinsip, Pendekatan dan Langkah-langkah Pengembangan Kurikulum PAI. Yogyakarta: CV Cantrik Pustaka.

Basow, S.A (1992). Gender : Stereotypes And Roles (3rd ed). California: Book/Cole Publishing Company

Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 42(2), 155–162.

Bem, S. L. (1981). Gender schema theory: A cognitive account of sex typing. Psychological Review, 88(4), 354–364.

Beritasatu.com. ”Psikolog Roslina: Masalah Gender Masih Terjadi di Indonesia.”, 27 Agustus 2019. https://www.beritasatu.com/gaya-hidup/571816/psikolog-roslina-masalah-gender-masih-terjadi-di-indonesia (Diakses pada 17 januari 2021, pukul 17.00 WIB)

Boerdiarsih. (2016). Presepsi Remaja Tentang Peran Gender dan Gender Seksualitas di Kota Semarang.Jurnal Promosi, Kesehatan Indonesia. Vol 11 No 1

Caplan, P. (1987). Cultural Construction of Sexuality. London: Tavistock publication.

Dariyo, A. (2004). Psikologi Perkembangan Remaja. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia

Dewi E.M.P (2005). Gender dalam Prespektif Psikologi. Jurnal Psikodinamik. Vol 7 no 2

Donnelly, K., & Twenge, J. M. (2017). Masculine and feminine traits on the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, 1993–2012: A cross-temporal meta-analysis. Sex Roles, 76(9–10), 556–565.

Dunn, Hailee K., dkk. (2015). The Relationship

Between Sexual History, BullyingVictimization, and Poor Mental Health Outcomes Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority High School Students: A Feminist Perspective. Journal of Interpersonal Violence pg. 1-23.

Fakih, Mansour. Analisis Gender dan Transformasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar, 2004.

Fertyana, Erlyn. 2017. Perkembangan Identitas Peran Gender Remaja dengan Kecenderungan Transseksual .Skripsi. Tidak diTerbitkan. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum. UNAIR: Surabaya..

Hambali. (2017). Pendidikan Adil Gender di Pondok Pesantren. Jurnal Pedagogik, Vol 4 no 2

Hilman, L. & Khusumadewi, A (2019). Studi Kasus Tentang Kesadaran Gender Peserta Didik SMA Muhammadiyah 2 Sumberrejo Kab. Bojonegoro. Jurnal bk unesa

Hurlock, E.B (1993). Psikologi Perkembangan. Edisi Ke Lima. Jakarta: Airlangga

Hurlock, E.B. (1980). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Jogiyanto, H.M (2014). Metode Penelitian Bisnis. Edisi ke Enam. Universitas Gajah Mada. Yogyakarta

Jogjapolitan.com, “Ini Perbedaan Peran Gender dan Peran Biologis.”, 18 Juli 2020. https://www.google.com/amp/s/m.harianjogja.com/jogjapolitan/read/amp/2020/07/18/514/1006609/ini-perbedaan-peran-biologis-peran-gender (Diakses pada 22 Oktober 2020, pukul 16.45 WIB)

Khasanah, Afrila Nurul. 2018. “Konsep Kesetaraan Gender Menurut Pemikiran Aminah Wadud Muhsin dan Relevansinya dalam pendidikan Islam.” UIN Raden Intan Lampung.

Lewis, J . Community Counseling a Multicultural Social justice Prespective . 4 ed. Brooks Cole. Cengage learning. USA. 2010.

Madjid, Nurcholish. (1997). Bilik-Bilik Pesantren. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Megawani. R (2001). Membiarkan Berbeda? Sudut Pandang Baru tentang Relasi Gender. Bandung: Mizan

Myers.1996, D.G. Social Psychology. Boston : McGraw-Hill College.

Naqiyah, N. Bimbingan dan Konseling Komunitas . Uni Press Surabaya. 2013.

Nauly, Meutia. (2003). Konflik Glender dan Seksisme. Yogyakarta:Arti.Harapan

Nindyati, Ayu Dwi. 2003. Sex Role Identity dan Self Efficacy sebagai Mediator pada Hubungan antara Tiga Kebutuhan dari McClelland dengan Kinerja Karyawan. Jakarta : UI.

Nurgiyono,B,.Gunawan., & Marzuki (2002). Statistik Terapan untuk Penelitian Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial. Yogyakarta. Gajah Mada University Press

Pearson, J.C (1985). Gender and Comunication. Dobuque, Lowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers

Puspitawati-Herien. 2013. “Konsep, Teori dan Analisis Gender”

Putra, A.T.A. (2014). Peran Gender Dalam Pendidikan Islam. Jurnal pendidikan Islam, vol 2 no 2

Raharjdo, M. Dawam. 1994. Pesantren dan Pembaharuan. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Reven. B. H., & Rubin, J.Z. (1983). Social Psychology(2nd ed). NewYork: John Wiley&Sons. Inc.

Richmond-Abbott, M. (1992) Masculine and Feminine. NewYork: MC Graw Hill, inc.

Rogers, C.R. (1980). A Way of being: The Lates Thinking on a Pearson-Cemtered Approach to Life. Buston: Hughton Miffin Company.

Santrock. J.W (2002). Life-Span Develepment: Perkembangan Masa Hidup. Edisi Ke Lima. Jakarta: Airlangga

Santrock. J.W (2003) Adolescence: Perkembangan Masa Remaja. Edisi Ke Enam. Jakarta: Airlangga

Sugiyono, (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Sugiyono, P. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mixed methods).Bandung:Alfabeta

Sugiyono. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Administrasi. Jakarta: CV.Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. 2016. Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta CV

Sugiyono. 2017. Metode Penelitian Kuanti, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta CV

Umar, Nasaruddin, “Dekonstruksi Pemikiran Islam tentang Persoalan Jender”, SriSuhandjati Sukri (ed.) Pemahaman Islamdan Tantangan Keadian Gender, Jilid. 2, (Yogyakarta: Pusat Studi Jender IAIN Walisongo dan Gama Media, 2002)

Umar, Nasaruddin. (2001). Argumen Kesetaraan Gender. Cetakan II. Jakarta: Paramadina

Wibisono, Y. (2013). Konsep Kesetaraan Gender dalam Perspektif Islam. Al-Mabsut: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Sosial, 6(1), 97–112.

William-de Vries, Dede. 2006. Gender Bukan Tabu: Catatan Perjalanan Fasilitasi Kelompok Perempuan Di Jambi. CIFO

Winarsun. Tulus. (2015). Statistik dalam penelitian Psikologi dan Pendidikan. Edisi Ke Tujuh. Malang:UMM Press

Yusuf, Syamsu. 2011. Psikologi Perkembangan Anak dan Remaja. Bandung : PT. Remaja Rosdakarya

Downloads

Published

2021-06-30